The belief of many in the early sexual liberation movements was that capitalism’s investment in the norms of the heterosexual family meant that any challenge to them was invariably anti-capitalist. In recent years, however, lesbian and gay subcultures have become increasingly mainstream and commercialized—as seen, for example, in corporate backing for pride events—while the initial radicalism of sexual liberation has given way to relatively conservative goals over marriage and adoption rights. Meanwhile, queer theory has critiqued this homonormativity, or assimilation, as if some act of betrayal had occurred.
In Sex, Needs and Queer Culture, David Alderson seeks to account for these shifts in both queer movements and the wider society, and he argues powerfully for a distinctive theoretical framework. Through a critical reassessment of the work of Herbert Marcuse, as well as the cultural theorists Raymond Williams and Alan Sinfield, Alderson asks whether capitalism is progressive for queers, evaluates the distinctive radicalism of the counterculture as it has mutated into queer, and distinguishes between avant-garde protest and subcultural development. In doing so, the book offers new directions for thinking about sexuality and its relations to the broader project of human liberation.
Sex, Needs, and Queer Culture offers a new and radically different interpretive framework for our understanding of neoliberalism and sexuality, one which seeks to reinvigorate queer theory and to rekindle the early gay rights movement's liberationist spirit.
'By placing the economic so directly next to the sexual, Sex, Needs and Queer Culture is able to cut through the ideologies of both the academy and the world at large. Alderson's careful eye avoids the excesses of one-sided polemic while remaining firmly critical, and he cleverly and optimistically re-opens the questions of freedom and liberation for an often all-too-cynical age.' Nina Power, author of One Dimensional Woman 'Honest, thoughtful and continuously insightful, Alderson's socialist-humanist perspective and commitment to moving beyond the identity politics of recent times makes this an indispensable book'. Jonathan Dollimore, author of Sex, Literature, and Censorship and Sexual Dissidence 'A genuinely distinctive, highly considered, and important book. The writing is beautifully articulate, and it offers an ambitious and original contribution to queer theory.' Stephen Maddison, University of East London 'Erudite, elegantly written and passionately argued, Sex, Needs and Queer Culture offers a timely and urgently needed reassessment of gay liberation. Alderson's book will be an enriching and invaluable resource for all working in this field.' Michael G. Cronin, Maynooth University 'With nuance, passion and considerable lucidity, David Alderson deftly examines the myths and realities of the one-dimensional gay. Sex, Needs and Queer Culture is an astute analysis of our contemporary moment, and a potent call to both reclaim and reinvigorate subcultural queer praxis.' Richard Hornsey, University of Nottingham
David Alderson is senior lecturer in modern literature at the University of Manchester and visiting professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University. He is co-organiser, with Laura Doan, of the Centre for the Study of Sexuality and Culture at Manchester.
* Introduction*1. Transitions*2. Is Capitalism Progressive (For Queers)?*3. Feeling Radical: Versions of Counterculture*4. Subculture and Postgay Dynamics* Postscripts